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Subject[PATCH RFC 2/2] cgroups: add an nproc subsystem
Date
Adds a new single-purpose nproc subsystem to limit the number of
tasks that can run inside a cgroup. Essentially this is an
implementation of RLIMIT_NPROC that will applies to a cgroup rather than
a process tree.

This is a step to being able to limit the global impact of a fork bomb
inside a cgroup, allowing for cgroups to perform fairly basic resource
limitation which it currently doesn't have the capability to do.

Signed-off-by: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
---
include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h | 4 +
init/Kconfig | 10 +++
kernel/Makefile | 1 +
kernel/cgroup_nproc.c | 181 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 196 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 kernel/cgroup_nproc.c

diff --git a/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h b/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
index 98c4f9b..e83e0ac 100644
--- a/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
+++ b/include/linux/cgroup_subsys.h
@@ -47,6 +47,10 @@ SUBSYS(net_prio)
SUBSYS(hugetlb)
#endif

+#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CGROUP_NPROC)
+SUBSYS(nproc)
+#endif
+
/*
* The following subsystems are not supported on the default hierarchy.
*/
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index 9afb971..d6315fe 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -1047,6 +1047,16 @@ config CGROUP_HUGETLB
control group is tracked in the third page lru pointer. This means
that we cannot use the controller with huge page less than 3 pages.

+config CGROUP_NPROC
+ bool "Process number limiting on cgroups"
+ depends on PAGE_COUNTER
+ help
+ This options enables the setting of process number limits in the scope
+ of a cgroup. Any attempt to fork more processes than is allowed in the
+ cgroup will fail. This allows for more basic resource limitation that
+ applies to a cgroup, similar to RLIMIT_NPROC (except that instead of
+ applying to a process tree it applies to a cgroup).
+
config CGROUP_PERF
bool "Enable perf_event per-cpu per-container group (cgroup) monitoring"
depends on PERF_EVENTS && CGROUPS
diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
index a59481a..10c4b40 100644
--- a/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/Makefile
@@ -52,6 +52,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_BACKTRACE_SELF_TEST) += backtracetest.o
obj-$(CONFIG_COMPAT) += compat.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUPS) += cgroup.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_FREEZER) += cgroup_freezer.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_NPROC) += cgroup_nproc.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CPUSETS) += cpuset.o
obj-$(CONFIG_UTS_NS) += utsname.o
obj-$(CONFIG_USER_NS) += user_namespace.o
diff --git a/kernel/cgroup_nproc.c b/kernel/cgroup_nproc.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..414d8d5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/cgroup_nproc.c
@@ -0,0 +1,181 @@
+/*
+ * Process number limiting subsys for cgroups.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>
+ *
+ * Thanks to Frederic Weisbecker for creating the seminal patches which lead to
+ * this being written.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/cgroup.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/page_counter.h>
+
+struct nproc {
+ struct page_counter proc_counter;
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state css;
+};
+
+static inline struct nproc *css_nproc(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
+{
+ return css ? container_of(css, struct nproc, css) : NULL;
+}
+
+static inline struct nproc *task_nproc(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ return css_nproc(task_css(task, nproc_cgrp_id));
+}
+
+static struct nproc *parent_nproc(struct nproc *nproc)
+{
+ return css_nproc(nproc->css.parent);
+}
+
+static struct cgroup_subsys_state *nproc_css_alloc(struct cgroup_subsys_state *parent)
+{
+ struct nproc *nproc;
+
+ nproc = kzalloc(sizeof(struct nproc), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!nproc)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ return &nproc->css;
+}
+
+static int nproc_css_online(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
+{
+ struct nproc *nproc = css_nproc(css);
+ struct nproc *parent = parent_nproc(nproc);
+
+ if (!parent) {
+ page_counter_init(&nproc->proc_counter, NULL);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ page_counter_init(&nproc->proc_counter, &parent->proc_counter);
+ return page_counter_limit(&nproc->proc_counter, parent->proc_counter.limit);
+}
+
+static void nproc_css_free(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css)
+{
+ kfree(css_nproc(css));
+}
+
+static inline void nproc_remove_procs(struct nproc *nproc, int num_procs)
+{
+ page_counter_uncharge(&nproc->proc_counter, num_procs);
+}
+
+static inline int nproc_add_procs(struct nproc *nproc, int num_procs)
+{
+ struct page_counter *fail_at;
+ int errcode;
+
+ errcode = page_counter_try_charge(&nproc->proc_counter, num_procs, &fail_at);
+ if (errcode)
+ return -EAGAIN;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void nproc_cancel_attach(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
+ struct cgroup_taskset *tset)
+{
+ struct nproc *nproc = css_nproc(css);
+ unsigned long num_tasks = 0;
+ struct task_struct *task;
+
+ cgroup_taskset_for_each(task, tset)
+ num_tasks++;
+
+ nproc_remove_procs(nproc, num_tasks);
+}
+
+static int nproc_can_attach(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
+ struct cgroup_taskset *tset)
+{
+ struct nproc *nproc = css_nproc(css);
+ unsigned long num_tasks = 0;
+ struct task_struct *task;
+
+ cgroup_taskset_for_each(task, tset)
+ num_tasks++;
+
+ return nproc_add_procs(nproc, num_tasks);
+}
+
+static int nproc_fork(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ struct nproc *nproc = task_nproc(task);
+
+ return nproc_add_procs(nproc, 1);
+}
+
+static void nproc_exit(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state *old_css,
+ struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ struct nproc *nproc = css_nproc(old_css);
+
+ nproc_remove_procs(nproc, 1);
+}
+
+static int nproc_write_limit(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
+ struct cftype *cft, u64 val)
+{
+ struct nproc *nproc = css_nproc(css);
+
+ return page_counter_limit(&nproc->proc_counter, val);
+}
+
+static u64 nproc_read_limit(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
+ struct cftype *cft)
+{
+ struct nproc *nproc = css_nproc(css);
+
+ return nproc->proc_counter.limit;
+}
+
+static u64 nproc_read_max_limit(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
+ struct cftype *cft)
+{
+ return PAGE_COUNTER_MAX;
+}
+
+static u64 nproc_read_usage(struct cgroup_subsys_state *css,
+ struct cftype *cft)
+{
+ struct nproc *nproc = css_nproc(css);
+
+ return page_counter_read(&nproc->proc_counter);
+}
+
+static struct cftype files[] = {
+ {
+ .name = "limit",
+ .write_u64 = nproc_write_limit,
+ .read_u64 = nproc_read_limit,
+ },
+ {
+ .name = "max_limit",
+ .read_u64 = nproc_read_max_limit,
+ },
+ {
+ .name = "usage",
+ .read_u64 = nproc_read_usage,
+ },
+ { } /* terminate */
+};
+
+struct cgroup_subsys nproc_cgrp_subsys = {
+ .css_alloc = nproc_css_alloc,
+ .css_online = nproc_css_online,
+ .css_free = nproc_css_free,
+ .can_attach = nproc_can_attach,
+ .cancel_attach = nproc_cancel_attach,
+ .fork = nproc_fork,
+ .exit = nproc_exit,
+ .legacy_cftypes = files,
+ .early_init = 0,
+};
--
2.3.0


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