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SubjectRe: [PATCH] led/led-class: Handle LEDs with the same name
Hello Bryan

On Thu, Feb 12, 2015 at 8:48 PM, Bryan Wu <> wrote:
> Could you please give me some real error message or example about this
> device tree overlays? Looks like it's not only for LED subsystem and
> how is it handled in other subsystem?

In my case I have a device tree overlay describing a camera. This
camera has 3 leds, named red, green and yellow. When I connect the
second camera, kobject complains about a repeated name. The error is
REALLY verbose. I am out of the office right now, so I cannot show you
the error message. You can trigger the same error by trying to
register two leds with the same name.

A similar error can be triggered for example when we want to create
two misc devices with the same name

[106998.862865] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[106998.862885] WARNING: CPU: 1 PID: 12979 at
[106998.862890] sysfs: cannot create duplicate filename
[106998.862894] Modules linked in: hello(O+) btrfs xor raid6_pq ufs
qnx4 hfsplus hfs minix ntfs msdos jfs xfs libcrc32c dm_mod bnep
bluetooth 6lowpan_iphc mmc_block tun ctr ccm binfmt_misc nfsd
auth_rpcgss oid_registry nfs_acl nfs lockd fscache sunrpc nls_utf8
nls_cp437 vfat fat x86_pkg_temp_thermal intel_powerclamp intel_rapl
uvcvideo coretemp videobuf2_vmalloc kvm_intel videobuf2_memops
videobuf2_core v4l2_common videodev kvm media joydev crc32_pclmul
ghash_clmulni_intel aesni_intel arc4 aes_x86_64 iwldvm mac80211
iwlwifi cfg80211 lrw gf128mul glue_helper iTCO_wdt iTCO_vendor_support
ablk_helper evdev psmouse i915 snd_hda_codec_hdmi cryptd serio_raw
pcspkr ac shpchp efi_pstore drm_kms_helper snd_hda_codec_conexant
snd_hda_codec_generic lpc_ich thinkpad_acpi nvram tpm_tis efivars drm
i2c_algo_bit i2c_i801
[106998.863005] snd_hda_intel snd_hda_controller mfd_core mei_me
snd_hda_codec i2c_core mei wmi snd_hwdep rfkill snd_pcm tpm battery
snd_timer snd soundcore button video processor fuse parport_pc ppdev
lp parport autofs4 ext4 crc16 mbcache jbd2 sg sd_mod sr_mod crc_t10dif
cdrom crct10dif_generic crct10dif_pclmul crct10dif_common crc32c_intel
ahci libahci libata ehci_pci ehci_hcd scsi_mod sdhci_pci sdhci
mmc_core e1000e usbcore ptp pps_core usb_common thermal thermal_sys
[106998.863077] CPU: 1 PID: 12979 Comm: insmod Tainted: G O
3.16.0-4-amd64 #1 Debian 3.16.7-ckt2-1
[106998.863083] Hardware name: LENOVO 4180DY4/4180DY4, BIOS 83ET76WW
(1.46 ) 07/05/2013
[106998.863087] 0000000000000009 ffffffff81507263 ffff880021757af8
[106998.863096] ffff880065c6d000 ffff880021757b48 ffff880214c1c820
[106998.863103] 0000000000000000 ffffffff810658ac ffffffff8172ff20
[106998.863111] Call Trace:
[106998.863125] [<ffffffff81507263>] ? dump_stack+0x41/0x51
[106998.863137] [<ffffffff81065847>] ? warn_slowpath_common+0x77/0x90
[106998.863145] [<ffffffff810658ac>] ? warn_slowpath_fmt+0x4c/0x50
[106998.863153] [<ffffffff81212ae3>] ? kernfs_path+0x43/0x50
[106998.863161] [<ffffffff81215f1f>] ? sysfs_warn_dup+0x5f/0x70
[106998.863169] [<ffffffff81215fae>] ? sysfs_create_dir_ns+0x7e/0x90
[106998.863180] [<ffffffff812a9706>] ? kobject_add_internal+0xc6/0x3e0
[106998.863190] [<ffffffff812b0f56>] ? string.isra.7+0x36/0xe0
[106998.863197] [<ffffffff812a9e25>] ? kobject_add+0x65/0xb0
[106998.863204] [<ffffffff812b1e8e>] ? pointer.isra.18+0x9e/0x470
[106998.863213] [<ffffffff8139c584>] ? device_add+0x124/0x610
[106998.863221] [<ffffffff8139cc68>] ? device_create_groups_vargs+0xd8/0x100
[106998.863239] [<ffffffffa0025000>] ? 0xffffffffa0024fff
[106998.863247] [<ffffffff8139ccf1>] ? device_create+0x41/0x50
[106998.863257] [<ffffffff812b621e>] ? kasprintf+0x3e/0x40
[106998.863268] [<ffffffff8138c6a2>] ? misc_register+0xc2/0x120
[106998.863277] [<ffffffffa002500c>] ? hello_init+0xc/0x1000 [hello]
[106998.863285] [<ffffffff8100213c>] ? do_one_initcall+0xcc/0x200
[106998.863295] [<ffffffff810d8d1a>] ? load_module+0x20da/0x26b0
[106998.863303] [<ffffffff810d4900>] ? store_uevent+0x40/0x40
[106998.863312] [<ffffffff810d944d>] ? SyS_finit_module+0x7d/0xa0
[106998.863322] [<ffffffff8150d32d>] ? system_call_fast_compare_end+0x10/0x15
[106998.863327] ---[ end trace af819f702b51bbb0 ]---
[106998.863332] ------------[ cut here ]------------

>> +static int match_child(struct device *dev, void *data)
>> +{
>> + if (!dev_name(dev))
>> + return 0;
>> + return !strcmp(dev_name(dev), (char *)data);
> strncmp instead of strcmp?

I dont think it would make it safer here. You need to know the size of
the string, and finding out the lenght of the string will produce the
same access error (if that is what concerns you).

> I still think we need solve this issue in device tree core code not in
> the user of DT.

Other subsystem do not have the issue of unique naming.

ie, in video4linux the device name is created dynamically (video0,
video1.....), others like hwmon have a hierarchical name
(hmon0/input0, hwmon1/input0)

I think this is a problem related to the led subsystem that does not
have a way to handled repeated names. Before we could blame the system
designer for choosing the same name for two leds, but with dt overlays
this is not more in full control of the sys designer. Please correct
me if I am wrong.


Ricardo Ribalda

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