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SubjectRe: [PATCH v18 10/11] ARM: kprobes: check register usage for probed instruction.
Hi Wang,

(2014/12/29 13:07), Wang Nan wrote:
> This patch utilizes previous introduced checker to check register usage
> for probed ARM instruction and saves it in a mask. Futher patch will
> use such information to avoid simuation or emulation.
>
> Signed-off-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
> ---
> arch/arm/include/asm/probes.h | 12 ++++
> arch/arm/probes/decode.c | 7 ++
> arch/arm/probes/kprobes/actions-arm.c | 2 +-
> arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-arm.c | 124 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers.h | 1 +
> 5 files changed, 145 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/probes.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/probes.h
> index f0a1ee8..ee04067 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/include/asm/probes.h
> +++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/probes.h
> @@ -41,6 +41,18 @@ struct arch_probes_insn {
> probes_insn_singlestep_t *insn_singlestep;
> probes_insn_fn_t *insn_fn;
> int stack_space;
> +
> + /* Use 2 bits for a register. One more bit for extension */

Would you have any concrete idea for the extend bits? If not, we don't need
it at this point. I think we don't need to care about future binary compatibility :)
(moreover, if you need another bitflag, you can add another flag)

> +#define REG_NO_USE (0)
> +#define REG_USE (1)
> +#define REG_MASK (3)
> +#define __register_usage_flag(n, f) ((f) << ((n) * 2))
> +#define __register_usage_mask(n) (REG_MASK << ((n) * 2))
> +#define __clean_register_flag(m, n) ((m) & (~(__register_usage_mask(n))))
> +#define __set_register_flag(m, n, f) (__clean_register_flag(m, n) | __register_usage_flag(n, f))
> +#define set_register_nouse(m, n) do {(m) = __set_register_flag(m, n, REG_NO_USE);} while(0)
> +#define set_register_use(m, n) do {(m) = __set_register_flag(m, n, REG_USE);} while(0)
> + int register_usage_mask;

Is this a mask or flag? It seems a bit flag, if so, it should be "register_usage_flag".

Thank you,

> };
>
> #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
> diff --git a/arch/arm/probes/decode.c b/arch/arm/probes/decode.c
> index f9d7c42..d60a1b2 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/probes/decode.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/probes/decode.c
> @@ -435,6 +435,13 @@ probes_decode_insn(probes_opcode_t insn, struct arch_probes_insn *asi,
> */
> asi->stack_space = 0;
>
> + /*
> + * Similay to stack_space, register_usage_mask is filled by
> + * checkers. Its default value is set to ~0, which is 'all
> + * registers are used', to prevent any potential optimization.
> + */
> + asi->register_usage_mask = ~(0UL);
> +
> if (emulate)
> insn = prepare_emulated_insn(insn, asi, thumb);
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/actions-arm.c b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/actions-arm.c
> index 4fedd4c..26e435b 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/actions-arm.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/actions-arm.c
> @@ -340,4 +340,4 @@ const union decode_action kprobes_arm_actions[NUM_PROBES_ARM_ACTIONS] = {
> [PROBES_LDMSTM] = {.decoder = kprobe_decode_ldmstm}
> };
>
> -const struct decode_checker *kprobes_arm_checkers[] = {arm_stack_checker, NULL};
> +const struct decode_checker *kprobes_arm_checkers[] = {arm_stack_checker, arm_regs_checker, NULL};
> diff --git a/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-arm.c b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-arm.c
> index f817663..df1d77b 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-arm.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-arm.c
> @@ -97,3 +97,127 @@ const struct decode_checker arm_stack_checker[NUM_PROBES_ARM_ACTIONS] = {
> [PROBES_STORE] = {.checker = arm_check_stack},
> [PROBES_LDMSTM] = {.checker = arm_check_stack},
> };
> +
> +static enum probes_insn __kprobes arm_check_regs_nouse(probes_opcode_t insn,
> + struct arch_probes_insn *asi,
> + const struct decode_header *h)
> +{
> + asi->register_usage_mask = 0;
> + return INSN_GOOD;
> +}
> +
> +static void __arm_check_regs(probes_opcode_t insn,
> + const struct decode_header *h,
> + int *quintuple)
> +{
> + int i;
> + u32 regs = h->type_regs.bits >> DECODE_TYPE_BITS;
> + probes_opcode_t mask, shifted;
> +
> + memset(quintuple, 0xff, sizeof(int) * 5);
> + for (i = 0, shifted = insn, mask = 0xf; regs != 0;
> + regs >>= 4, mask <<= 4, shifted >>= 4, i++)
> + if (regs & 0xf)
> + quintuple[i] = shifted & 0xf;
> +}
> +
> +static enum probes_insn arm_check_regs_normal(probes_opcode_t insn,
> + struct arch_probes_insn *asi,
> + const struct decode_header *h)
> +{
> + int quintuple[5], i;
> + asi->register_usage_mask = 0;
> + __arm_check_regs(insn, h, quintuple);
> + for (i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
> + int r = quintuple[i];
> + if (r < 0)
> + continue;
> + set_register_use(asi->register_usage_mask, r);
> + }
> +
> + return INSN_GOOD;
> +}
> +
> +static enum probes_insn arm_check_regs_ldmstm(probes_opcode_t insn,
> + struct arch_probes_insn *asi,
> + const struct decode_header *h)
> +{
> + unsigned int reglist = insn & 0xffff;
> + unsigned int rn = (insn >> 16) & 0xf;
> + int i;
> +
> + set_register_use(asi->register_usage_mask, rn);
> + for (i = 0; reglist > 0; i++, reglist >>= 1)
> + if (reglist & 1)
> + set_register_use(asi->register_usage_mask, i);
> + return INSN_GOOD;
> +}
> +
> +static enum probes_insn arm_check_regs_mov_ip_sp(probes_opcode_t insn,
> + struct arch_probes_insn *asi,
> + const struct decode_header *h)
> +{
> + /* should be 'mov ip, sp' */
> + set_register_use(asi->register_usage_mask, 12);
> + set_register_use(asi->register_usage_mask, 13);
> + return INSN_GOOD;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * | Rn |Rt/d| | Rm |
> + * LDRD (register) cccc 000x x0x0 xxxx xxxx xxxx 1101 xxxx
> + * STRD (register) cccc 000x x0x0 xxxx xxxx xxxx 1111 xxxx
> + * | Rn |Rt/d| |imm4L|
> + * LDRD (immediate) cccc 000x x1x0 xxxx xxxx xxxx 1101 xxxx
> + * STRD (immediate) cccc 000x x1x0 xxxx xxxx xxxx 1111 xxxx
> + *
> + * Such instructions access Rt/d and its next register, so different
> + * from others, a specific checker is required for Rt/d and Rt2/d2.
> + */
> +static enum probes_insn arm_check_regs_ldrdstrd(probes_opcode_t insn,
> + struct arch_probes_insn *asi,
> + const struct decode_header *h)
> +{
> + int quintuple[5], rn, rdt, rm;
> + asi->register_usage_mask = 0;
> + __arm_check_regs(insn, h, quintuple);
> +
> + rn = quintuple[4];
> + rdt = quintuple[3];
> + rm = quintuple[0];
> + set_register_use(asi->register_usage_mask, rn);
> + set_register_use(asi->register_usage_mask, rdt);
> + set_register_use(asi->register_usage_mask, rdt + 1);
> + if (rm >= 0)
> + set_register_use(asi->register_usage_mask, rm);
> +
> + return INSN_GOOD;
> +}
> +
> +
> +const struct decode_checker arm_regs_checker[NUM_PROBES_ARM_ACTIONS] = {
> + [PROBES_EMULATE_NONE] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_nouse},
> + [PROBES_SIMULATE_NOP] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_nouse},
> + [PROBES_MRS] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_SATURATING_ARITHMETIC] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_MUL1] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_MUL2] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_MUL_ADD_LONG] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_MUL_ADD] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_LOAD] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_LOAD_EXTRA] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_STORE] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_STORE_EXTRA] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_DATA_PROCESSING_REG] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_DATA_PROCESSING_IMM] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_SATURATE] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_REV] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_MMI] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_PACK] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_EXTEND] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_EXTEND_ADD] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_BITFIELD] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_normal},
> + [PROBES_LDMSTM] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_ldmstm},
> + [PROBES_MOV_IP_SP] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_mov_ip_sp},
> + [PROBES_LDRSTRD] = {.checker = arm_check_regs_ldrdstrd},
> +};
> diff --git a/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers.h b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers.h
> index bddfa0e..cf6c9e7 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers.h
> +++ b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers.h
> @@ -47,6 +47,7 @@ extern const union decode_action stack_check_actions[];
>
> #ifndef CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL
> extern const struct decode_checker arm_stack_checker[];
> +extern const struct decode_checker arm_regs_checker[];
> #else
> #endif
> extern const struct decode_checker t32_stack_checker[];
>


--
Masami HIRAMATSU
Software Platform Research Dept. Linux Technology Research Center
Hitachi, Ltd., Yokohama Research Laboratory
E-mail: masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com




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