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Subject[PATCH] kthread: kthread_bind fails to enforce CPU affinity (fixes kernel BUG at kernel/smpboot.c:134!)
I have a busy ppc64le KVM box where guests sometimes hit the infamous
"kernel BUG at kernel/smpboot.c:134!" issue during boot:

BUG_ON(td->cpu != smp_processor_id());

Basically a per CPU hotplug thread scheduled on the wrong CPU. The oops
output confirms it:

CPU: 0
Comm: watchdog/130

The issue is in kthread_bind where we set the cpus_allowed mask, but do
not touch task_thread_info(p)->cpu. The scheduler assumes the previously
scheduled CPU is in the cpus_allowed mask, but in this case we are
moving a thread to another CPU so it is not.

We used to call set_task_cpu which sets task_thread_info(p)->cpu (in fact
kthread_bind still has a comment suggesting this). That was removed in
e2912009fb7b ("sched: Ensure set_task_cpu() is never called on blocked

Since we cannot call set_task_cpu (the task is in a sleeping state),
just do an explicit set of task_thread_info(p)->cpu.

Fixes: e2912009fb7b ("sched: Ensure set_task_cpu() is never called on blocked tasks")
Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <>
kernel/kthread.c | 3 ++-
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/kthread.c b/kernel/kthread.c
index 10e489c..e40ab1d 100644
--- a/kernel/kthread.c
+++ b/kernel/kthread.c
@@ -327,13 +327,14 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(kthread_create_on_node);

static void __kthread_bind(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu, long state)
- /* Must have done schedule() in kthread() before we set_task_cpu */
+ /* Must have done schedule() in kthread() before we change affinity */
if (!wait_task_inactive(p, state)) {
/* It's safe because the task is inactive. */
do_set_cpus_allowed(p, cpumask_of(cpu));
+ task_thread_info(p)->cpu = cpu;
p->flags |= PF_NO_SETAFFINITY;


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