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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 08/12] ARM: allow MULTIPLATFORM with !MMU
On Tuesday 30 December 2014 23:02:31 Stefan Agner wrote:
> On 2014-12-30 22:42, Rob Herring wrote:
> > On Mon, Dec 29, 2014 at 5:32 PM, Stefan Agner <> wrote:
> >> @@ -783,13 +780,13 @@ comment "CPU Core family selection"
> >>
> >> config ARCH_MULTI_V4
> >> bool "ARMv4 based platforms (FA526)"
> >> - depends on !ARCH_MULTI_V6_V7
> >> + depends on !ARCH_MULTI_V6_V7 && MMU
> >
> > This is not right. !MMU does not mean the ARM arch does not have an
> > MMU, but rather the MMU is already setup with identity mapping (or
> > some other static mapping).
> Yes, I'm aware of that. However, there are several configuration
> depending on "!MMU". Allowing !MMU on ARCH_MULTI_V4...V7 would open up
> new combination of configurations... This patch avoids this as much as
> possible, by making !MMU only available for ARCH_MULTI_V7M.
> I'm not sure what tests/verification would be expected before allowing
> those new configurations... Personally, I also don't see much value in
> allowing these configurations.

There is a much bigger question to be answered here. Traditionally we
have allowed non-MMU configurations for all platforms, but with the
introduction of multiplatform support, that was implicitly dropped
for each platform that got converted. This was not really intended, but
we also never got complaints from users that were missing functionality
as a result of this.

In 3.19, we have also removed support for the last ARMv4 platform that
did not have an MMU (Atmel at91x40), so now we have four classes of
nommu systems remaining:

a) ARMv7-M: Cortex-M3 and M4 based platforms. We definitely need to
support these, as that is the entire point of your series and other
users want it too.

b) ARMv7-R and ARMv7-A with MMU disabled: This is almost supported by
the kernel, except we don't have any platform using it. ARMv7-R
support is probably useful if anybody invests the time to make it
work, and being able to test those kernels on ARMv7-A hardware also
seems worthwhile.

c) Out of mainline ARMv4t/ARMv5 platforms (based on arm7tdmi, arm9tdmi,
arm9e, arm740t, arm940t, arm946e, or some unsupported Faraday or
Marvell core), in theory also ARM Integrator with the respective
core tiles. It may just be time now to remove this support from the
kernel, as practically everyone with those cores is already stuck
on ancient kernels, maybe with the exception of Russell's OKI platform
I've asked around at conferences among people that are still interested
in NOMMU hardware in general, and apparently running modern kernels
on this class of hardware isn't interesting to anyone I found.

c) Any other hardware with MMU disabled. I personally don't see a reason
to keep it, but maybe I'm just not creative enough. I have an old
patch series to get this to compile for random configurations that
are currently broken. If we keep this enabled, we should at least
get allmodconfig with MMU disabled to build.


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