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Subject[PATCH v17 04/11] ARM: kprobes: collects stack consumption for store instructions
Date
This patch uses the previously introduced checker functionality on
store instructions to record their stack consumption information to
arch_probes_insn.

Signed-off-by: Wang Nan <wangnan0@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Jon Medhurst <tixy@linaro.org>
Reviewed-by: Jon Medhurst <tixy@linaro.org>
---
arch/arm/include/asm/probes.h | 1 +
arch/arm/probes/decode.c | 10 +++
arch/arm/probes/kprobes/Makefile | 6 +-
arch/arm/probes/kprobes/actions-arm.c | 3 +-
arch/arm/probes/kprobes/actions-thumb.c | 5 +-
arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-arm.c | 99 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-common.c | 101 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-thumb.c | 110 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers.h | 54 +++++++++++++++
9 files changed, 383 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-arm.c
create mode 100644 arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-common.c
create mode 100644 arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-thumb.c
create mode 100644 arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers.h

diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/probes.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/probes.h
index 806cfe6..ccf9af3 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/probes.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/probes.h
@@ -38,6 +38,7 @@ struct arch_probes_insn {
probes_check_cc *insn_check_cc;
probes_insn_singlestep_t *insn_singlestep;
probes_insn_fn_t *insn_fn;
+ int stack_space;
};

#endif
diff --git a/arch/arm/probes/decode.c b/arch/arm/probes/decode.c
index c7d4420..f9d7c42 100644
--- a/arch/arm/probes/decode.c
+++ b/arch/arm/probes/decode.c
@@ -425,6 +425,16 @@ probes_decode_insn(probes_opcode_t insn, struct arch_probes_insn *asi,
*/
probes_opcode_t origin_insn = insn;

+ /*
+ * stack_space is initialized to 0 here. Checker functions
+ * should update is value if they find this is a stack store
+ * instruction: positive value means bytes of stack usage,
+ * negitive value means unable to determine stack usage
+ * statically. For instruction doesn't store to stack, checker
+ * do nothing with it.
+ */
+ asi->stack_space = 0;
+
if (emulate)
insn = prepare_emulated_insn(insn, asi, thumb);

diff --git a/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/Makefile b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/Makefile
index eb38a42..bc8d504 100644
--- a/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/Makefile
@@ -1,11 +1,11 @@
-obj-$(CONFIG_KPROBES) += core.o actions-common.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_KPROBES) += core.o actions-common.o checkers-common.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_KPROBES_TEST) += test-kprobes.o
test-kprobes-objs := test-core.o

ifdef CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL
-obj-$(CONFIG_KPROBES) += actions-thumb.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_KPROBES) += actions-thumb.o checkers-thumb.o
test-kprobes-objs += test-thumb.o
else
-obj-$(CONFIG_KPROBES) += actions-arm.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_KPROBES) += actions-arm.o checkers-arm.o
test-kprobes-objs += test-arm.o
endif
diff --git a/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/actions-arm.c b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/actions-arm.c
index c3e7200..4fedd4c 100644
--- a/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/actions-arm.c
+++ b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/actions-arm.c
@@ -64,6 +64,7 @@

#include "../decode-arm.h"
#include "core.h"
+#include "checkers.h"

#if __LINUX_ARM_ARCH__ >= 6
#define BLX(reg) "blx "reg" \n\t"
@@ -339,4 +340,4 @@ const union decode_action kprobes_arm_actions[NUM_PROBES_ARM_ACTIONS] = {
[PROBES_LDMSTM] = {.decoder = kprobe_decode_ldmstm}
};

-const struct decode_checker *kprobes_arm_checkers[] = {NULL};
+const struct decode_checker *kprobes_arm_checkers[] = {arm_stack_checker, NULL};
diff --git a/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/actions-thumb.c b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/actions-thumb.c
index 2796121..07cfd9b 100644
--- a/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/actions-thumb.c
+++ b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/actions-thumb.c
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@

#include "../decode-thumb.h"
#include "core.h"
+#include "checkers.h"

/* These emulation encodings are functionally equivalent... */
#define t32_emulate_rd8rn16rm0ra12_noflags \
@@ -665,5 +666,5 @@ const union decode_action kprobes_t32_actions[NUM_PROBES_T32_ACTIONS] = {
.handler = t32_emulate_rdlo12rdhi8rn16rm0_noflags},
};

-const struct decode_checker *kprobes_t32_checkers[] = {NULL};
-const struct decode_checker *kprobes_t16_checkers[] = {NULL};
+const struct decode_checker *kprobes_t32_checkers[] = {t32_stack_checker, NULL};
+const struct decode_checker *kprobes_t16_checkers[] = {t16_stack_checker, NULL};
diff --git a/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-arm.c b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-arm.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f817663
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-arm.c
@@ -0,0 +1,99 @@
+/*
+ * arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-arm.c
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Huawei Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include "../decode.h"
+#include "../decode-arm.h"
+#include "checkers.h"
+
+static enum probes_insn __kprobes arm_check_stack(probes_opcode_t insn,
+ struct arch_probes_insn *asi,
+ const struct decode_header *h)
+{
+ /*
+ * PROBES_LDRSTRD, PROBES_LDMSTM, PROBES_STORE,
+ * PROBES_STORE_EXTRA may get here. Simply mark all normal
+ * insns as STACK_USE_NONE.
+ */
+ static const union decode_item table[] = {
+ /*
+ * 'STR{,D,B,H}, Rt, [Rn, Rm]' should be marked as UNKNOWN
+ * if Rn or Rm is SP.
+ * x
+ * STR (register) cccc 011x x0x0 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx
+ * STRB (register) cccc 011x x1x0 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx
+ */
+ DECODE_OR (0x0e10000f, 0x0600000d),
+ DECODE_OR (0x0e1f0000, 0x060d0000),
+
+ /*
+ * x
+ * STRD (register) cccc 000x x0x0 xxxx xxxx xxxx 1111 xxxx
+ * STRH (register) cccc 000x x0x0 xxxx xxxx xxxx 1011 xxxx
+ */
+ DECODE_OR (0x0e5000bf, 0x000000bd),
+ DECODE_CUSTOM (0x0e5f00b0, 0x000d00b0, STACK_USE_UNKNOWN),
+
+ /*
+ * For PROBES_LDMSTM, only stmdx sp, [...] need to examine
+ *
+ * Bit B/A (bit 24) encodes arithmetic operation order. 1 means
+ * before, 0 means after.
+ * Bit I/D (bit 23) encodes arithmetic operation. 1 means
+ * increment, 0 means decrement.
+ *
+ * So:
+ * B I
+ * / /
+ * A D | Rn |
+ * STMDX SP, [...] cccc 100x 00x0 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx
+ */
+ DECODE_CUSTOM (0x0edf0000, 0x080d0000, STACK_USE_STMDX),
+
+ /* P U W | Rn | Rt | imm12 |*/
+ /* STR (immediate) cccc 010x x0x0 1101 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx */
+ /* STRB (immediate) cccc 010x x1x0 1101 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx */
+ /* P U W | Rn | Rt |imm4| |imm4|*/
+ /* STRD (immediate) cccc 000x x1x0 1101 xxxx xxxx 1111 xxxx */
+ /* STRH (immediate) cccc 000x x1x0 1101 xxxx xxxx 1011 xxxx */
+ /*
+ * index = (P == '1'); add = (U == '1').
+ * Above insns with:
+ * index == 0 (str{,d,h} rx, [sp], #+/-imm) or
+ * add == 1 (str{,d,h} rx, [sp, #+<imm>])
+ * should be STACK_USE_NONE.
+ * Only str{,b,d,h} rx,[sp,#-n] (P == 1 and U == 0) are
+ * required to be examined.
+ */
+ /* STR{,B} Rt,[SP,#-n] cccc 0101 0xx0 1101 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx */
+ DECODE_CUSTOM (0x0f9f0000, 0x050d0000, STACK_USE_FIXED_XXX),
+
+ /* STR{D,H} Rt,[SP,#-n] cccc 0001 01x0 1101 xxxx xxxx 1x11 xxxx */
+ DECODE_CUSTOM (0x0fdf00b0, 0x014d00b0, STACK_USE_FIXED_X0X),
+
+ /* fall through */
+ DECODE_CUSTOM (0, 0, STACK_USE_NONE),
+ DECODE_END
+ };
+
+ return probes_decode_insn(insn, asi, table, false, false, stack_check_actions, NULL);
+}
+
+const struct decode_checker arm_stack_checker[NUM_PROBES_ARM_ACTIONS] = {
+ [PROBES_LDRSTRD] = {.checker = arm_check_stack},
+ [PROBES_STORE_EXTRA] = {.checker = arm_check_stack},
+ [PROBES_STORE] = {.checker = arm_check_stack},
+ [PROBES_LDMSTM] = {.checker = arm_check_stack},
+};
diff --git a/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-common.c b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-common.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..971119c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-common.c
@@ -0,0 +1,101 @@
+/*
+ * arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-common.c
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Huawei Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include "../decode.h"
+#include "../decode-arm.h"
+#include "checkers.h"
+
+enum probes_insn checker_stack_use_none(probes_opcode_t insn,
+ struct arch_probes_insn *asi,
+ const struct decode_header *h)
+{
+ asi->stack_space = 0;
+ return INSN_GOOD_NO_SLOT;
+}
+
+enum probes_insn checker_stack_use_unknown(probes_opcode_t insn,
+ struct arch_probes_insn *asi,
+ const struct decode_header *h)
+{
+ asi->stack_space = -1;
+ return INSN_GOOD_NO_SLOT;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL
+enum probes_insn checker_stack_use_imm_0xx(probes_opcode_t insn,
+ struct arch_probes_insn *asi,
+ const struct decode_header *h)
+{
+ int imm = insn & 0xff;
+ asi->stack_space = imm;
+ return INSN_GOOD_NO_SLOT;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Different from other insn uses imm8, the real addressing offset of
+ * STRD in T32 encoding should be imm8 * 4. See ARMARM description.
+ */
+enum probes_insn checker_stack_use_t32strd(probes_opcode_t insn,
+ struct arch_probes_insn *asi,
+ const struct decode_header *h)
+{
+ int imm = insn & 0xff;
+ asi->stack_space = imm << 2;
+ return INSN_GOOD_NO_SLOT;
+}
+#else
+enum probes_insn checker_stack_use_imm_x0x(probes_opcode_t insn,
+ struct arch_probes_insn *asi,
+ const struct decode_header *h)
+{
+ int imm = ((insn & 0xf00) >> 4) + (insn & 0xf);
+ asi->stack_space = imm;
+ return INSN_GOOD_NO_SLOT;
+}
+#endif
+
+enum probes_insn checker_stack_use_imm_xxx(probes_opcode_t insn,
+ struct arch_probes_insn *asi,
+ const struct decode_header *h)
+{
+ int imm = insn & 0xfff;
+ asi->stack_space = imm;
+ return INSN_GOOD_NO_SLOT;
+}
+
+enum probes_insn checker_stack_use_stmdx(probes_opcode_t insn,
+ struct arch_probes_insn *asi,
+ const struct decode_header *h)
+{
+ unsigned int reglist = insn & 0xffff;
+ int pbit = insn & (1 << 24);
+ asi->stack_space = (hweight32(reglist) - (!pbit ? 1 : 0)) * 4;
+
+ return INSN_GOOD_NO_SLOT;
+}
+
+const union decode_action stack_check_actions[] = {
+ [STACK_USE_NONE] = {.decoder = checker_stack_use_none},
+ [STACK_USE_UNKNOWN] = {.decoder = checker_stack_use_unknown},
+#ifdef CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL
+ [STACK_USE_FIXED_0XX] = {.decoder = checker_stack_use_imm_0xx},
+ [STACK_USE_T32STRD] = {.decoder = checker_stack_use_t32strd},
+#else
+ [STACK_USE_FIXED_X0X] = {.decoder = checker_stack_use_imm_x0x},
+#endif
+ [STACK_USE_FIXED_XXX] = {.decoder = checker_stack_use_imm_xxx},
+ [STACK_USE_STMDX] = {.decoder = checker_stack_use_stmdx},
+};
diff --git a/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-thumb.c b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-thumb.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..d608e3b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-thumb.c
@@ -0,0 +1,110 @@
+/*
+ * arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers-thumb.c
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Huawei Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include "../decode.h"
+#include "../decode-thumb.h"
+#include "checkers.h"
+
+static enum probes_insn __kprobes t32_check_stack(probes_opcode_t insn,
+ struct arch_probes_insn *asi,
+ const struct decode_header *h)
+{
+ /*
+ * PROBES_T32_LDMSTM, PROBES_T32_LDRDSTRD and PROBES_T32_LDRSTR
+ * may get here. Simply mark all normal insns as STACK_USE_NONE.
+ */
+ static const union decode_item table[] = {
+
+ /*
+ * First, filter out all ldr insns to make our life easier.
+ * Following load insns may come here:
+ * LDM, LDRD, LDR.
+ * In T32 encoding, bit 20 is enough for distinguishing
+ * load and store. All load insns have this bit set, when
+ * all store insns have this bit clear.
+ */
+ DECODE_CUSTOM (0x00100000, 0x00100000, STACK_USE_NONE),
+
+ /*
+ * Mark all 'STR{,B,H}, Rt, [Rn, Rm]' as STACK_USE_UNKNOWN
+ * if Rn or Rm is SP. T32 doesn't encode STRD.
+ */
+ /* xx | Rn | Rt | | Rm |*/
+ /* STR (register) 1111 1000 0100 xxxx xxxx 0000 00xx xxxx */
+ /* STRB (register) 1111 1000 0000 xxxx xxxx 0000 00xx xxxx */
+ /* STRH (register) 1111 1000 0010 xxxx xxxx 0000 00xx xxxx */
+ /* INVALID INSN 1111 1000 0110 xxxx xxxx 0000 00xx xxxx */
+ /* By Introducing INVALID INSN, bit 21 and 22 can be ignored. */
+ DECODE_OR (0xff9f0fc0, 0xf80d0000),
+ DECODE_CUSTOM (0xff900fcf, 0xf800000d, STACK_USE_UNKNOWN),
+
+
+ /* xx | Rn | Rt | PUW| imm8 |*/
+ /* STR (imm 8) 1111 1000 0100 1101 xxxx 110x xxxx xxxx */
+ /* STRB (imm 8) 1111 1000 0000 1101 xxxx 110x xxxx xxxx */
+ /* STRH (imm 8) 1111 1000 0010 1101 xxxx 110x xxxx xxxx */
+ /* INVALID INSN 1111 1000 0110 1101 xxxx 110x xxxx xxxx */
+ /* Only consider U == 0 and P == 1: strx rx, [sp, #-<imm>] */
+ DECODE_CUSTOM (0xff9f0e00, 0xf80d0c00, STACK_USE_FIXED_0XX),
+
+ /* For STR{,B,H} (imm 12), offset is always positive, so ignore them. */
+
+ /* P U W | Rn | Rt | Rt2| imm8 |*/
+ /* STRD (immediate) 1110 1001 01x0 1101 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx */
+ /*
+ * Only consider U == 0 and P == 1.
+ * Also note that STRD in T32 encoding is special:
+ * imm = ZeroExtend(imm8:'00', 32)
+ */
+ DECODE_CUSTOM (0xffdf0000, 0xe94d0000, STACK_USE_T32STRD),
+
+ /* | Rn | */
+ /* STMDB 1110 1001 00x0 1101 xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx */
+ DECODE_CUSTOM (0xffdf0000, 0xe90d0000, STACK_USE_STMDX),
+
+ /* fall through */
+ DECODE_CUSTOM (0, 0, STACK_USE_NONE),
+ DECODE_END
+ };
+
+ return probes_decode_insn(insn, asi, table, false, false, stack_check_actions, NULL);
+}
+
+const struct decode_checker t32_stack_checker[NUM_PROBES_T32_ACTIONS] = {
+ [PROBES_T32_LDMSTM] = {.checker = t32_check_stack},
+ [PROBES_T32_LDRDSTRD] = {.checker = t32_check_stack},
+ [PROBES_T32_LDRSTR] = {.checker = t32_check_stack},
+};
+
+/*
+ * See following comments. This insn must be 'push'.
+ */
+static enum probes_insn __kprobes t16_check_stack(probes_opcode_t insn,
+ struct arch_probes_insn *asi,
+ const struct decode_header *h)
+{
+ unsigned int reglist = insn & 0x1ff;
+ asi->stack_space = hweight32(reglist) * 4;
+ return INSN_GOOD;
+}
+
+/*
+ * T16 encoding is simple: only the 'push' insn can need extra stack space.
+ * Other insns, like str, can only use r0-r7 as Rn.
+ */
+const struct decode_checker t16_stack_checker[NUM_PROBES_T16_ACTIONS] = {
+ [PROBES_T16_PUSH] = {.checker = t16_check_stack},
+};
diff --git a/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers.h b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..bddfa0e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers.h
@@ -0,0 +1,54 @@
+/*
+ * arch/arm/probes/kprobes/checkers.h
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Huawei Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
+ * General Public License for more details.
+ */
+#ifndef _ARM_KERNEL_PROBES_CHECKERS_H
+#define _ARM_KERNEL_PROBES_CHECKERS_H
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include "../decode.h"
+
+extern probes_check_t checker_stack_use_none;
+extern probes_check_t checker_stack_use_unknown;
+#ifdef CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL
+extern probes_check_t checker_stack_use_imm_0xx;
+#else
+extern probes_check_t checker_stack_use_imm_x0x;
+#endif
+extern probes_check_t checker_stack_use_imm_xxx;
+extern probes_check_t checker_stack_use_stmdx;
+
+enum {
+ STACK_USE_NONE,
+ STACK_USE_UNKNOWN,
+#ifdef CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL
+ STACK_USE_FIXED_0XX,
+ STACK_USE_T32STRD,
+#else
+ STACK_USE_FIXED_X0X,
+#endif
+ STACK_USE_FIXED_XXX,
+ STACK_USE_STMDX,
+ NUM_STACK_USE_TYPES
+};
+
+extern const union decode_action stack_check_actions[];
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL
+extern const struct decode_checker arm_stack_checker[];
+#else
+#endif
+extern const struct decode_checker t32_stack_checker[];
+extern const struct decode_checker t16_stack_checker[];
+#endif
--
1.8.4


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