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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 1/2] i8k: Autodetect maximal fan speed and fan RPM multiplier
On 12/19/2014 10:04 AM, Pali Rohár wrote:
> This patch adds new function i8k_get_fan_nominal_speed() for doing SMM call
> which will return nominal fan RPM for specified fan speed. It returns nominal
> RPM value at which fan operate when speed (0, 1, 2, 3) is set. It looks like
> RPM value is not accurate, but still provides very useful information.
>
> First it can be used to validate if certain fan speed could be accepted by SMM
> for setting fan speed and we can use this routine to detect maximal fan speed.
>
> Second it returns RPM value, so we can check if value looks correct with
> multiplier 30 or multiplier 1 (until now only these two multiplier were used).
> If RPM value with multiplier 30 is too high, then multiplier 1 is used.
>
> In case when SMM reports that new function is not supported we will fallback
> to old hardcoded values. Maximal fan speed would be 2 and RPM multiplier 30.
>
> Signed-off-by: Pali Rohár <pali.rohar@gmail.com>
> Tested-By: Pali Rohár <pali.rohar@gmail.com>
> Tested-By: Steven Honeyman <stevenhoneyman@gmail.com>
> Tested-By: Valdis Kletnieks <valdis.kletnieks@vt.edu>
> ---
> drivers/char/i8k.c | 126 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
> 1 file changed, 105 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/char/i8k.c b/drivers/char/i8k.c
> index 48d701c..094a6b8 100644
> --- a/drivers/char/i8k.c
> +++ b/drivers/char/i8k.c
> @@ -6,6 +6,7 @@
> * Hwmon integration:
> * Copyright (C) 2011 Jean Delvare <jdelvare@suse.de>
> * Copyright (C) 2013, 2014 Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
> + * Copyright (C) 2014 Pali Rohár <pali.rohar@gmail.com>
> *
> * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
> * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
> @@ -42,12 +43,14 @@
> #define I8K_SMM_SET_FAN 0x01a3
> #define I8K_SMM_GET_FAN 0x00a3
> #define I8K_SMM_GET_SPEED 0x02a3
> +#define I8K_SMM_GET_NOM_SPEED 0x04a3
> #define I8K_SMM_GET_TEMP 0x10a3
> #define I8K_SMM_GET_TEMP_TYPE 0x11a3
> #define I8K_SMM_GET_DELL_SIG1 0xfea3
> #define I8K_SMM_GET_DELL_SIG2 0xffa3
>
> -#define I8K_FAN_MULT 30
> +#define I8K_FAN_DEFAULT_MULT 30
> +#define I8K_FAN_MAX_RPM 30000
> #define I8K_MAX_TEMP 127
>
> #define I8K_FN_NONE 0x00
> @@ -64,9 +67,9 @@ static DEFINE_MUTEX(i8k_mutex);
> static char bios_version[4];
> static struct device *i8k_hwmon_dev;
> static u32 i8k_hwmon_flags;
> -static int i8k_fan_mult;
> -static int i8k_pwm_mult;
> -static int i8k_fan_max = I8K_FAN_HIGH;
> +static int i8k_fan_mult[2];
> +static int i8k_pwm_mult[2];
> +static int i8k_fan_max[2];
>
> #define I8K_HWMON_HAVE_TEMP1 (1 << 0)
> #define I8K_HWMON_HAVE_TEMP2 (1 << 1)
> @@ -95,13 +98,13 @@ static bool power_status;
> module_param(power_status, bool, 0600);
> MODULE_PARM_DESC(power_status, "Report power status in /proc/i8k");
>
> -static int fan_mult = I8K_FAN_MULT;
> +static int fan_mult;
> module_param(fan_mult, int, 0);
> -MODULE_PARM_DESC(fan_mult, "Factor to multiply fan speed with");
> +MODULE_PARM_DESC(fan_mult, "Factor to multiply fan speed with (default: autodetect)");
>
> -static int fan_max = I8K_FAN_HIGH;
> +static int fan_max;
> module_param(fan_max, int, 0);
> -MODULE_PARM_DESC(fan_max, "Maximum configurable fan speed");
> +MODULE_PARM_DESC(fan_max, "Maximum configurable fan speed (default: autodetect)");
>
> static int i8k_open_fs(struct inode *inode, struct file *file);
> static long i8k_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long);
> @@ -271,8 +274,25 @@ static int i8k_get_fan_speed(int fan)
> {
> struct smm_regs regs = { .eax = I8K_SMM_GET_SPEED, };
>
> + if (fan < 0 || fan >= ARRAY_SIZE(i8k_fan_mult))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> regs.ebx = fan & 0xff;
> - return i8k_smm(&regs) ? : (regs.eax & 0xffff) * i8k_fan_mult;
> + return i8k_smm(&regs) ? : (regs.eax & 0xffff) * i8k_fan_mult[fan];
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Read the fan nominal rpm for specific fan speed.
> + */
> +static int i8k_get_fan_nominal_speed(int fan, int speed)
> +{
> + struct smm_regs regs = { .eax = I8K_SMM_GET_NOM_SPEED, };
> +
> + if (fan < 0 || fan >= ARRAY_SIZE(i8k_fan_mult))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + regs.ebx = (fan & 0xff) | (speed << 8);
> + return i8k_smm(&regs) ? : (regs.eax & 0xffff) * i8k_fan_mult[fan];
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -282,9 +302,12 @@ static int i8k_set_fan(int fan, int speed)
> {
> struct smm_regs regs = { .eax = I8K_SMM_SET_FAN, };
>
> - speed = (speed < 0) ? 0 : ((speed > i8k_fan_max) ? i8k_fan_max : speed);
> - regs.ebx = (fan & 0xff) | (speed << 8);
> + if (speed < 0)
> + speed = 0;
> + if (fan >= 0 && fan < ARRAY_SIZE(i8k_fan_max) && speed > i8k_fan_max[fan])
> + speed = i8k_fan_max[fan];
>
> + regs.ebx = (fan & 0xff) | (speed << 8);
> return i8k_smm(&regs) ? : i8k_get_fan_status(fan);
> }
>
> @@ -562,7 +585,8 @@ static ssize_t i8k_hwmon_show_pwm(struct device *dev,
> status = i8k_get_fan_status(index);
> if (status < 0)
> return -EIO;
> - return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", clamp_val(status * i8k_pwm_mult, 0, 255));
> + return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", clamp_val(status * i8k_pwm_mult[index],
> + 0, 255));
> }
>
> static ssize_t i8k_hwmon_set_pwm(struct device *dev,
> @@ -576,7 +600,8 @@ static ssize_t i8k_hwmon_set_pwm(struct device *dev,
> err = kstrtoul(buf, 10, &val);
> if (err)
> return err;
> - val = clamp_val(DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(val, i8k_pwm_mult), 0, i8k_fan_max);
> + val = clamp_val(DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(val, i8k_pwm_mult[index]), 0,
> + i8k_fan_max[index]);
>
> mutex_lock(&i8k_mutex);
> err = i8k_set_fan(index, val);
> @@ -854,7 +879,9 @@ MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(dmi, i8k_dmi_table);
> */
> static int __init i8k_probe(void)
> {
> + const struct i8k_config_data *conf;
> const struct dmi_system_id *id;
> + int fan, val, ret;
>
> /*
> * Get DMI information
> @@ -883,18 +910,75 @@ static int __init i8k_probe(void)
> return -ENODEV;
> }
>
> - i8k_fan_mult = fan_mult;
> - i8k_fan_max = fan_max ? : I8K_FAN_HIGH; /* Must not be 0 */
> + /*
> + * Autodetect fan multiplier and maximal fan speed from dmi config
> + * Values specified in module parameters override values from dmi
> + */
> id = dmi_first_match(i8k_dmi_table);
> if (id && id->driver_data) {
> - const struct i8k_config_data *conf = id->driver_data;
> + conf = id->driver_data;
> + if (fan_mult <= 0 && conf->fan_mult > 0)
> + fan_mult = conf->fan_mult;
> + if (fan_max <= 0 && conf->fan_max > 0)
> + fan_max = conf->fan_max;
> + }
> +
> + if (fan_mult <= 0) {
> + /*
> + * Autodetect fan multiplier for each fan based on nominal rpm
> + * First set default fan multiplier for each fan
> + * And if it reports rpm value too high then set multiplier to 1
> + *
> + * Try also setting multiplier from current rpm, but this will
> + * work only in case when fan is not turned off. It is better
> + * then nothing for machines which does not support nominal rpm
> + * SMM function.
> + */
> + for (fan = 0; fan < ARRAY_SIZE(i8k_fan_mult); ++fan) {
> + i8k_fan_mult[fan] = I8K_FAN_DEFAULT_MULT;
> + if (i8k_get_fan_speed(fan) > I8K_FAN_MAX_RPM) {
> + i8k_fan_mult[fan] = 1;
> + continue;
> + }

Another note: On one of my systems, reading the current fan speed literally halts
the entire system for a second or two. Given this, is the above really necessary ?
It might be better to just try to use the nominal fan speeds and only read
the actual fan speed if that doesn't work.

> + for (val = 0; val < 256; ++val) {
> + ret = i8k_get_fan_nominal_speed(fan, val);
> + if (ret > I8K_FAN_MAX_RPM) {
> + i8k_fan_mult[fan] = 1;
> + break;
> + } else if (ret < 0) {
> + break;
> + }
> + }

I wonder if it would help to detect the maximum fan speed first. Once that
is known, it should be possible to just read the nominal fan speed once,
for the known maximum speed. With this, the 'val' loop here would be unnecessary.

Thanks,
Guenter



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