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SubjectRe: [PATCH V5 13/23] MIPS: BMIPS: Flush the readahead cache after DMA
On Mon, Dec 15, 2014 at 1:43 AM, Jonas Gorski <> wrote:
> On Fri, Dec 12, 2014 at 11:07 PM, Kevin Cernekee <> wrote:
>> BMIPS 3300/435x/438x CPUs have a readahead cache that is separate from
>> the L1/L2. During a DMA operation, accesses adjacent to a DMA buffer
>> may cause parts of the DMA buffer to be prefetched into the RAC. To
>> avoid possible coherency problems, flush the RAC upon DMA completion.
> According to what I have, any cpu [d-]cache invalidate operation
> should already flush the full RAC unless explicitly disabled in the
> RAC configuration - is this intended as an optimization/shortcut?

Correct - performing a RAC flush instead of blasting the entire range
again via CACHE instructions should be considerably faster in most
cases. CACHE instructions are not pipelined on BMIPS3300/43xx.

There may be a couple of old CPU versions (possibly 130nm) that don't
automatically perform the RAC flush on each CACHE instruction. Also,
a fun bit of trivia: MVA based cache flushes on B15 do flush the RAC,
but index based instructions do not.

>> static inline int cpu_needs_post_dma_flush(struct device *dev)
>> {
> The place for it seems a bit misplaced; I would not expect
> cpu_needs_post_dma_flush() to have any side effects.

Maybe we should rename the function? To just cpu_post_dma_flush()?

(Or call a separate function from each site - but that seems unnecessary.)

>> + if (boot_cpu_type() == CPU_BMIPS3300 ||
>> + boot_cpu_type() == CPU_BMIPS4350 ||
>> + boot_cpu_type() == CPU_BMIPS4380) {
>> + void __iomem *cbr = BMIPS_GET_CBR();
>> +
>> + /* Flush stale data out of the readahead cache */
>> + __raw_writel(0x100, cbr + BMIPS_RAC_CONFIG);
> Hm, according to what I have, bits [6:0] of RAC_CONFIG are R/W
> configuration bits, and this will overwrite them:
> CFE> dm 0xff400000 4
> ff400000: 02a07015 ..p.
> CFE> sm 0xff400000 0x100 4
> ff400000: 02a00000 ....
> (As far as I can tell, RAC was previously enabled for instruction
> cache misses , and now isn't any more for anything, so effectively
> disabled?)
> Also for BMIPS4350 (and I guess 4380) there seems to be a second
> RAC_CONFIG register at 0x8, I guess for the second thread? Does it
> need flushing, too?

I'll defer to Florian for the final word since he has access to the
documentation, but going from memory:

RAC_CONFIG should probably be a read/modify/write. I'm pretty sure
there are important RW configuration bits in there. I may have
incorrectly translated the "set bit 8" code from here:

There is only one RAC for all CPUs, and we've never had to flush
anything via CBR+0x08.

BCM7038 had a different flush register, located out in the regular
system bus (GISB) space, and it didn't require a R/M/W. That might
have been what I was thinking of.

Thanks for catching that.

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