lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2014]   [Dec]   [14]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: linux-next: question about the luto-misc tree
On Sat, Dec 13, 2014 at 11:26:36PM -0800, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
> On Dec 13, 2014 10:58 PM, "Stephen Rothwell" <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> wrote:
> >
> > Hi Andy,
> >
> > The luto-misc tree seems to have a whole series of commits in it that
> > have just bee removed from the rcu tree ... You really have to be very
> > careful if you base your work on a tree that is regularly rebased.
>
> Hmm. They were there a couple days ago. Paul, what should I do about
> this? I only need the one NMI nesting change for the stuff in
> luto/next.
>
> > I also wonder if the other commits in that tree are destined for
> > v3.19? If they are for v3.20, then they should not be in linux-next
> > until after v3.19-rc1 has been released.
>
> They're for 3.20. I'll drop the whole series from the next branch for now.

You mean the NMI nesting change below, correct? One approach would be
to include the branch rcu/dev from my -rcu tree. Would that work for you?

Thanx, Paul

------------------------------------------------------------------------

rcu: Make rcu_nmi_enter() handle nesting

The x86 architecture has multiple types of NMI-like interrupts: real
NMIs, machine checks, and, for some values of NMI-like, debugging
and breakpoint interrupts. These interrupts can nest inside each
other. Andy Lutomirski is adding RCU support to these interrupts,
so rcu_nmi_enter() and rcu_nmi_exit() must now correctly handle nesting.

This commit therefore introduces nesting, using a clever NMI-coordination
algorithm suggested by Andy. The trick is to atomically increment
->dynticks (if needed) before manipulating ->dynticks_nmi_nesting on entry
(and, accordingly, after on exit). In addition, ->dynticks_nmi_nesting
is incremented by one if ->dynticks was incremented and by two otherwise.
This means that when rcu_nmi_exit() sees ->dynticks_nmi_nesting equal
to one, it knows that ->dynticks must be atomically incremented.

This NMI-coordination algorithms has been validated by the following
Promela model:

------------------------------------------------------------------------

/*
* Promela model for Andy Lutomirski's suggested change to rcu_nmi_enter()
* that allows nesting.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, you can access it online at
* http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.html.
*
* Copyright IBM Corporation, 2014
*
* Author: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
*/

byte dynticks_nmi_nesting = 0;
byte dynticks = 0;

/*
* Promela verision of rcu_nmi_enter().
*/
inline rcu_nmi_enter()
{
byte incby;
byte tmp;

incby = BUSY_INCBY;
assert(dynticks_nmi_nesting >= 0);
if
:: (dynticks & 1) == 0 ->
atomic {
dynticks = dynticks + 1;
}
assert((dynticks & 1) == 1);
incby = 1;
:: else ->
skip;
fi;
tmp = dynticks_nmi_nesting;
tmp = tmp + incby;
dynticks_nmi_nesting = tmp;
assert(dynticks_nmi_nesting >= 1);
}

/*
* Promela verision of rcu_nmi_exit().
*/
inline rcu_nmi_exit()
{
byte tmp;

assert(dynticks_nmi_nesting > 0);
assert((dynticks & 1) != 0);
if
:: dynticks_nmi_nesting != 1 ->
tmp = dynticks_nmi_nesting;
tmp = tmp - BUSY_INCBY;
dynticks_nmi_nesting = tmp;
:: else ->
dynticks_nmi_nesting = 0;
atomic {
dynticks = dynticks + 1;
}
assert((dynticks & 1) == 0);
fi;
}

/*
* Base-level NMI runs non-atomically. Crudely emulates process-level
* dynticks-idle entry/exit.
*/
proctype base_NMI()
{
byte busy;

busy = 0;
do
:: /* Emulate base-level dynticks and not. */
if
:: 1 -> atomic {
dynticks = dynticks + 1;
}
busy = 1;
:: 1 -> skip;
fi;

/* Verify that we only sometimes have base-level dynticks. */
if
:: busy == 0 -> skip;
:: busy == 1 -> skip;
fi;

/* Model RCU's NMI entry and exit actions. */
rcu_nmi_enter();
assert((dynticks & 1) == 1);
rcu_nmi_exit();

/* Emulated re-entering base-level dynticks and not. */
if
:: !busy -> skip;
:: busy ->
atomic {
dynticks = dynticks + 1;
}
busy = 0;
fi;

/* We had better now be in dyntick-idle mode. */
assert((dynticks & 1) == 0);
od;
}

/*
* Nested NMI runs atomically to emulate interrupting base_level().
*/
proctype nested_NMI()
{
do
:: /*
* Use an atomic section to model a nested NMI. This is
* guaranteed to interleave into base_NMI() between a pair
* of base_NMI() statements, just as a nested NMI would.
*/
atomic {
/* Verify that we only sometimes are in dynticks. */
if
:: (dynticks & 1) == 0 -> skip;
:: (dynticks & 1) == 1 -> skip;
fi;

/* Model RCU's NMI entry and exit actions. */
rcu_nmi_enter();
assert((dynticks & 1) == 1);
rcu_nmi_exit();
}
od;
}

init {
run base_NMI();
run nested_NMI();
}

------------------------------------------------------------------------

The following script can be used to run this model if placed in
rcu_nmi.spin:

------------------------------------------------------------------------

if ! spin -a rcu_nmi.spin
then
echo Spin errors!!!
exit 1
fi
if ! cc -DSAFETY -o pan pan.c
then
echo Compilation errors!!!
exit 1
fi
./pan -m100000

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index 8749f43f3f05..fc0236992655 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -759,39 +759,71 @@ void rcu_irq_enter(void)
/**
* rcu_nmi_enter - inform RCU of entry to NMI context
*
- * If the CPU was idle with dynamic ticks active, and there is no
- * irq handler running, this updates rdtp->dynticks_nmi to let the
- * RCU grace-period handling know that the CPU is active.
+ * If the CPU was idle from RCU's viewpoint, update rdtp->dynticks and
+ * rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting to let the RCU grace-period handling know
+ * that the CPU is active. This implementation permits nested NMIs, as
+ * long as the nesting level does not overflow an int. (You will probably
+ * run out of stack space first.)
*/
void rcu_nmi_enter(void)
{
struct rcu_dynticks *rdtp = this_cpu_ptr(&rcu_dynticks);
+ int incby = 2;

- if (rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting == 0 &&
- (atomic_read(&rdtp->dynticks) & 0x1))
- return;
- rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting++;
- smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* Force delay from prior write. */
- atomic_inc(&rdtp->dynticks);
- /* CPUs seeing atomic_inc() must see later RCU read-side crit sects */
- smp_mb__after_atomic(); /* See above. */
- WARN_ON_ONCE(!(atomic_read(&rdtp->dynticks) & 0x1));
+ /* Complain about underflow. */
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting < 0);
+
+ /*
+ * If idle from RCU viewpoint, atomically increment ->dynticks
+ * to mark non-idle and increment ->dynticks_nmi_nesting by one.
+ * Otherwise, increment ->dynticks_nmi_nesting by two. This means
+ * if ->dynticks_nmi_nesting is equal to one, we are guaranteed
+ * to be in the outermost NMI handler that interrupted an RCU-idle
+ * period (observation due to Andy Lutomirski).
+ */
+ if (!(atomic_read(&rdtp->dynticks) & 0x1)) {
+ smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* Force delay from prior write. */
+ atomic_inc(&rdtp->dynticks);
+ /* atomic_inc() before later RCU read-side crit sects */
+ smp_mb__after_atomic(); /* See above. */
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!(atomic_read(&rdtp->dynticks) & 0x1));
+ incby = 1;
+ }
+ rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting += incby;
+ barrier();
}

/**
* rcu_nmi_exit - inform RCU of exit from NMI context
*
- * If the CPU was idle with dynamic ticks active, and there is no
- * irq handler running, this updates rdtp->dynticks_nmi to let the
- * RCU grace-period handling know that the CPU is no longer active.
+ * If we are returning from the outermost NMI handler that interrupted an
+ * RCU-idle period, update rdtp->dynticks and rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting
+ * to let the RCU grace-period handling know that the CPU is back to
+ * being RCU-idle.
*/
void rcu_nmi_exit(void)
{
struct rcu_dynticks *rdtp = this_cpu_ptr(&rcu_dynticks);

- if (rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting == 0 ||
- --rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting != 0)
+ /*
+ * Check for ->dynticks_nmi_nesting underflow and bad ->dynticks.
+ * (We are exiting an NMI handler, so RCU better be paying attention
+ * to us!)
+ */
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting <= 0);
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!(atomic_read(&rdtp->dynticks) & 0x1));
+
+ /*
+ * If the nesting level is not 1, the CPU wasn't RCU-idle, so
+ * leave it in non-RCU-idle state.
+ */
+ if (rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting != 1) {
+ rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting -= 2;
return;
+ }
+
+ /* This NMI interrupted an RCU-idle CPU, restore RCU-idleness. */
+ rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting = 0;
/* CPUs seeing atomic_inc() must see prior RCU read-side crit sects */
smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* See above. */
atomic_inc(&rdtp->dynticks);


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2014-12-14 13:21    [W:0.048 / U:3.460 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site