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Subject[PATCH 3.14 28/34] perf/x86/intel: Protect LBR and extra_regs against KVM lying
Date
3.14-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Kan Liang <kan.liang@intel.com>

commit 338b522ca43cfd32d11a370f4203bcd089c6c877 upstream.

With -cpu host, KVM reports LBR and extra_regs support, if the host has
support.

When the guest perf driver tries to access LBR or extra_regs MSR,
it #GPs all MSR accesses,since KVM doesn't handle LBR and extra_regs support.
So check the related MSRs access right once at initialization time to avoid
the error access at runtime.

For reproducing the issue, please build the kernel with CONFIG_KVM_INTEL = y
(for host kernel).
And CONFIG_PARAVIRT = n and CONFIG_KVM_GUEST = n (for guest kernel).
Start the guest with -cpu host.
Run perf record with --branch-any or --branch-filter in guest to trigger LBR
Run perf stat offcore events (E.g. LLC-loads/LLC-load-misses ...) in guest to
trigger offcore_rsp #GP

Signed-off-by: Kan Liang <kan.liang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@kernel.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Maria Dimakopoulou <maria.n.dimakopoulou@gmail.com>
Cc: Mark Davies <junk@eslaf.co.uk>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Stephane Eranian <eranian@google.com>
Cc: Yan, Zheng <zheng.z.yan@intel.com>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1405365957-20202-1-git-send-email-kan.liang@intel.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Dongsu Park <dongsu.park@profitbricks.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.c | 3 +
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h | 12 +++---
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c | 66 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
3 files changed, 75 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.c
@@ -118,6 +118,9 @@ static int x86_pmu_extra_regs(u64 config
continue;
if (event->attr.config1 & ~er->valid_mask)
return -EINVAL;
+ /* Check if the extra msrs can be safely accessed*/
+ if (!er->extra_msr_access)
+ return -ENXIO;

reg->idx = er->idx;
reg->config = event->attr.config1;
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event.h
@@ -293,14 +293,16 @@ struct extra_reg {
u64 config_mask;
u64 valid_mask;
int idx; /* per_xxx->regs[] reg index */
+ bool extra_msr_access;
};

#define EVENT_EXTRA_REG(e, ms, m, vm, i) { \
- .event = (e), \
- .msr = (ms), \
- .config_mask = (m), \
- .valid_mask = (vm), \
- .idx = EXTRA_REG_##i, \
+ .event = (e), \
+ .msr = (ms), \
+ .config_mask = (m), \
+ .valid_mask = (vm), \
+ .idx = EXTRA_REG_##i, \
+ .extra_msr_access = true, \
}

#define INTEL_EVENT_EXTRA_REG(event, msr, vm, idx) \
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/perf_event_intel.c
@@ -2183,6 +2183,41 @@ static void intel_snb_check_microcode(vo
}
}

+/*
+ * Under certain circumstances, access certain MSR may cause #GP.
+ * The function tests if the input MSR can be safely accessed.
+ */
+static bool check_msr(unsigned long msr, u64 mask)
+{
+ u64 val_old, val_new, val_tmp;
+
+ /*
+ * Read the current value, change it and read it back to see if it
+ * matches, this is needed to detect certain hardware emulators
+ * (qemu/kvm) that don't trap on the MSR access and always return 0s.
+ */
+ if (rdmsrl_safe(msr, &val_old))
+ return false;
+
+ /*
+ * Only change the bits which can be updated by wrmsrl.
+ */
+ val_tmp = val_old ^ mask;
+ if (wrmsrl_safe(msr, val_tmp) ||
+ rdmsrl_safe(msr, &val_new))
+ return false;
+
+ if (val_new != val_tmp)
+ return false;
+
+ /* Here it's sure that the MSR can be safely accessed.
+ * Restore the old value and return.
+ */
+ wrmsrl(msr, val_old);
+
+ return true;
+}
+
static __init void intel_sandybridge_quirk(void)
{
x86_pmu.check_microcode = intel_snb_check_microcode;
@@ -2272,7 +2307,8 @@ __init int intel_pmu_init(void)
union cpuid10_ebx ebx;
struct event_constraint *c;
unsigned int unused;
- int version;
+ struct extra_reg *er;
+ int version, i;

if (!cpu_has(&boot_cpu_data, X86_FEATURE_ARCH_PERFMON)) {
switch (boot_cpu_data.x86) {
@@ -2578,6 +2614,34 @@ __init int intel_pmu_init(void)
}
}

+ /*
+ * Access LBR MSR may cause #GP under certain circumstances.
+ * E.g. KVM doesn't support LBR MSR
+ * Check all LBT MSR here.
+ * Disable LBR access if any LBR MSRs can not be accessed.
+ */
+ if (x86_pmu.lbr_nr && !check_msr(x86_pmu.lbr_tos, 0x3UL))
+ x86_pmu.lbr_nr = 0;
+ for (i = 0; i < x86_pmu.lbr_nr; i++) {
+ if (!(check_msr(x86_pmu.lbr_from + i, 0xffffUL) &&
+ check_msr(x86_pmu.lbr_to + i, 0xffffUL)))
+ x86_pmu.lbr_nr = 0;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Access extra MSR may cause #GP under certain circumstances.
+ * E.g. KVM doesn't support offcore event
+ * Check all extra_regs here.
+ */
+ if (x86_pmu.extra_regs) {
+ for (er = x86_pmu.extra_regs; er->msr; er++) {
+ er->extra_msr_access = check_msr(er->msr, 0x1ffUL);
+ /* Disable LBR select mapping */
+ if ((er->idx == EXTRA_REG_LBR) && !er->extra_msr_access)
+ x86_pmu.lbr_sel_map = NULL;
+ }
+ }
+
/* Support full width counters using alternative MSR range */
if (x86_pmu.intel_cap.full_width_write) {
x86_pmu.max_period = x86_pmu.cntval_mask;



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