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SubjectRe: [RFC 2/4] PCI: generic: Add support for ARM64 and MSI(x)
On Thu, Oct 23, 2014 at 03:33:16PM +0200, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> On Thursday 23 October 2014 10:13:09 Liviu Dudau wrote:
> > > @@ -335,7 +329,9 @@ void __init cns3xxx_pcie_init_late(void)
> > > cns3xxx_pwr_soft_rst(0x1 << PM_SOFT_RST_REG_OFFST_PCIE(i));
> > > cns3xxx_pcie_check_link(&cns3xxx_pcie[i]);
> > > cns3xxx_pcie_hw_init(&cns3xxx_pcie[i]);
> > > - pci_common_init(&cns3xxx_pcie[i].hw_pci);
> > > + hw_pci->domain = i;
> > > + private_data = &cns3xxx_pcie[i];
> >
> > Is this dance with pointers absolutely necessary? Does gcc though dishes at you
> > for doing hw_pci->private_data = &cns3xxx_pcie[i] directly?
>
> hw_pci->private_data is an array of pointers to private_data for each
> host controller instance within the domain. There is only one entry
> here, but you still the the correct type, so that would be
>
> hw_pci->private_data = (void **)&&cns3xxx_pcie[i];
>
> which is even more confusing and ugly than what I wrote. If you have
> a better idea, I'm all for it. Maybe it's clearer to write like this
> (taken from rcar driver)?
>
> void *hw_private[1];
> hw_pci.private_data = hw_private;
>
> for each host {
> ...
> hw_private[0] = &cns3xxx_pcie[i];
> pci_common_init_dev(&hw_pci);
> }
>
> Note that all 'modern' controllers always use nr_controllers=1, so we
> only need a single private_data pointer per domain, and the entire
> hw_pci interface is a bit pointless.
>
> The platforms that currently require it are iop13xx, dove, mv78xx0
> and orion5x. We have plans to remove the last three platforms in
> the next merge window or two, once all users are able to migrate to
> mach-mvebu. Once that happens, we could probably move the entire
> hw_pci logic that deals with multiple hosts per domain into the
> iop13xx pci driver if we want to. A less intrusive simplification
> would be to convert all 'multiplatform'-aware host controllers to
> use pci_common_init_dev() and then take hw_pci out of that.
>
> See below for a sample patch I just did. It duplicates the code from
> pci_common_init_dev/pci_common_init because we know that all users
> of pci_common_init_dev are modern and only pass a single host bridge.
> The new pci_common_init_dev is simpler than the old one but should
> do the exact same thing for all current users, with the addition
> of propagating the return value.

Same with this one; I'm ignoring for now on the theory that this was just a
sample to show the idea, and a more formal patch might come later.

Bjorn

> pci_init_single() is the new internal helper and we should be able to
> convert all existing users of pci_common_init_dev() to use that directly
> and no longer define hw_pci at all.
>
> I've converted two drivers to give an example, but the conversions
> should be done in follow-up patches really, and the pci_common_init_dev
> function removed after all users are moved over.
>
> The new pci_init_single() is also rather simple, and it should just
> converge with what we do for arm64 over time.
>
> Arnd
>
> ---
> arch/arm/include/asm/mach/pci.h | 20 ++++---
> arch/arm/kernel/bios32.c | 103 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> drivers/pci/host/pci-host-generic.c | 53 ++++++++-----------
> drivers/pci/host/pci-mvebu.c | 44 +++++++--------
> 4 files changed, 157 insertions(+), 63 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/mach/pci.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/mach/pci.h
> index 7fc42784becb..fe7e13759ec0 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/include/asm/mach/pci.h
> +++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/mach/pci.h
> @@ -73,16 +73,22 @@ struct pci_sys_data {
> /*
> * Call this with your hw_pci struct to initialise the PCI system.
> */
> -void pci_common_init_dev(struct device *, struct hw_pci *);
> +void pci_common_init(struct hw_pci *);
>
> /*
> - * Compatibility wrapper for older platforms that do not care about
> - * passing the parent device.
> + * Used by modern platforms, only one host allowed.
> */
> -static inline void pci_common_init(struct hw_pci *hw)
> -{
> - pci_common_init_dev(NULL, hw);
> -}
> +int pci_common_init_dev(struct device *, struct hw_pci *);
> +
> +/*
> + * Replaces pci_common_init_dev for drivers that want to do the
> + * initialization simpler and avoid defining hw_pci
> + */
> +int pci_init_single(struct device *parent,
> + struct pci_sys_data *sys,
> + struct pci_bus *(*scan)(int nr, struct pci_sys_data *),
> + struct pci_ops *ops);
> +
>
> /*
> * Setup early fixed I/O mapping.
> diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/bios32.c b/arch/arm/kernel/bios32.c
> index 17a26c17f7f5..bccc8703e575 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/kernel/bios32.c
> +++ b/arch/arm/kernel/bios32.c
> @@ -456,8 +456,7 @@ static int pcibios_init_resources(int busnr, struct pci_sys_data *sys)
> return 0;
> }
>
> -static void pcibios_init_hw(struct device *parent, struct hw_pci *hw,
> - struct list_head *head)
> +static void pcibios_init_hw(struct hw_pci *hw, struct list_head *head)
> {
> struct pci_sys_data *sys = NULL;
> int ret;
> @@ -494,7 +493,7 @@ static void pcibios_init_hw(struct device *parent, struct hw_pci *hw,
> if (hw->scan)
> sys->bus = hw->scan(nr, sys);
> else
> - sys->bus = pci_scan_root_bus(parent, sys->busnr,
> + sys->bus = pci_scan_root_bus(NULL, sys->busnr,
> hw->ops, sys, &sys->resources);
>
> if (!sys->bus)
> @@ -511,7 +510,7 @@ static void pcibios_init_hw(struct device *parent, struct hw_pci *hw,
> }
> }
>
> -void pci_common_init_dev(struct device *parent, struct hw_pci *hw)
> +void pci_common_init(struct hw_pci *hw)
> {
> struct pci_sys_data *sys;
> LIST_HEAD(head);
> @@ -519,7 +518,7 @@ void pci_common_init_dev(struct device *parent, struct hw_pci *hw)
> pci_add_flags(PCI_REASSIGN_ALL_RSRC);
> if (hw->preinit)
> hw->preinit();
> - pcibios_init_hw(parent, hw, &head);
> + pcibios_init_hw(hw, &head);
> if (hw->postinit)
> hw->postinit();
>
> @@ -559,6 +558,100 @@ void pci_common_init_dev(struct device *parent, struct hw_pci *hw)
> }
> }
>
> +int pci_init_single(struct device *parent,
> + struct pci_sys_data *sys,
> + struct pci_bus *(*scan)(int nr, struct pci_sys_data *),
> + struct pci_ops *ops)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + struct pci_bus *bus;
> +
> + ret = pcibios_init_resources(0, sys);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + if (scan)
> + bus = scan(0, sys);
> + else
> + bus = pci_scan_root_bus(parent, 0, ops, sys, &sys->resources);
> +
> + if (!bus) {
> + dev_err(parent, "PCI: unable to scan bus!");
> + return -ENXIO;
> + }
> + sys->bus = bus;
> +
> + pci_fixup_irqs(pcibios_swizzle, pcibios_map_irq);
> +
> + if (!pci_has_flag(PCI_PROBE_ONLY)) {
> + /*
> + * Size the bridge windows.
> + */
> + pci_bus_size_bridges(bus);
> +
> + /*
> + * Assign resources.
> + */
> + pci_bus_assign_resources(bus);
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Tell drivers about devices found.
> + */
> + pci_bus_add_devices(bus);
> +
> + /* Configure PCI Express settings */
> + if (bus && !pci_has_flag(PCI_PROBE_ONLY)) {
> + struct pci_bus *child;
> +
> + list_for_each_entry(child, &bus->children, node)
> + pcie_bus_configure_settings(child);
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +int pci_common_init_dev(struct device *parent, struct hw_pci *hw)
> +{
> + struct pci_sys_data *sys;
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (hw->nr_controllers != 1 ||
> + hw->preinit || hw->postinit)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + sys = kzalloc(sizeof(struct pci_sys_data), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!sys)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PCI_DOMAINS
> + sys->domain = hw->domain;
> +#endif
> + sys->swizzle = hw->swizzle;
> + sys->map_irq = hw->map_irq;
> + sys->align_resource = hw->align_resource;
> + sys->add_bus = hw->add_bus;
> + sys->remove_bus = hw->remove_bus;
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sys->resources);
> +
> + if (hw->private_data)
> + sys->private_data = hw->private_data[0];
> +
> + pci_add_flags(PCI_REASSIGN_ALL_RSRC);
> + ret = hw->setup(0, sys);
> + if (ret == 0)
> + ret = -ENXIO;
> + if (ret < 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + ret = pcibios_init_sysdata(parent, sys, hw->scan, hw->ops);
> + if (ret)
> + /* FIXME: undo ->setup */
> + kfree(sys);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> #ifndef CONFIG_PCI_HOST_ITE8152
> void pcibios_set_master(struct pci_dev *dev)
> {
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/host/pci-host-generic.c b/drivers/pci/host/pci-host-generic.c
> index 3d2076f59911..3542a7b740e5 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/host/pci-host-generic.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/host/pci-host-generic.c
> @@ -40,16 +40,20 @@ struct gen_pci_cfg_windows {
>
> struct gen_pci {
> struct pci_host_bridge host;
> + struct pci_sys_data sys;
> struct gen_pci_cfg_windows cfg;
> - struct list_head resources;
> };
>
> +static inline struct gen_pci *gen_pci_from_sys(struct pci_sys_data *sys)
> +{
> + return container_of(sys, struct gen_pci, sys);
> +}
> +
> static void __iomem *gen_pci_map_cfg_bus_cam(struct pci_bus *bus,
> unsigned int devfn,
> int where)
> {
> - struct pci_sys_data *sys = bus->sysdata;
> - struct gen_pci *pci = sys->private_data;
> + struct gen_pci *pci = gen_pci_from_sys(bus->sysdata);
> resource_size_t idx = bus->number - pci->cfg.bus_range.start;
>
> return pci->cfg.win[idx] + ((devfn << 8) | where);
> @@ -64,8 +68,7 @@ static void __iomem *gen_pci_map_cfg_bus_ecam(struct pci_bus *bus,
> unsigned int devfn,
> int where)
> {
> - struct pci_sys_data *sys = bus->sysdata;
> - struct gen_pci *pci = sys->private_data;
> + struct gen_pci *pci = gen_pci_from_sys(bus->sysdata);
> resource_size_t idx = bus->number - pci->cfg.bus_range.start;
>
> return pci->cfg.win[idx] + ((devfn << 12) | where);
> @@ -80,8 +83,7 @@ static int gen_pci_config_read(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn,
> int where, int size, u32 *val)
> {
> void __iomem *addr;
> - struct pci_sys_data *sys = bus->sysdata;
> - struct gen_pci *pci = sys->private_data;
> + struct gen_pci *pci = gen_pci_from_sys(bus->sysdata);
>
> addr = pci->cfg.ops->map_bus(bus, devfn, where);
>
> @@ -103,8 +105,7 @@ static int gen_pci_config_write(struct pci_bus *bus, unsigned int devfn,
> int where, int size, u32 val)
> {
> void __iomem *addr;
> - struct pci_sys_data *sys = bus->sysdata;
> - struct gen_pci *pci = sys->private_data;
> + struct gen_pci *pci = gen_pci_from_sys(bus->sysdata);
>
> addr = pci->cfg.ops->map_bus(bus, devfn, where);
>
> @@ -181,10 +182,10 @@ static void gen_pci_release_of_pci_ranges(struct gen_pci *pci)
> {
> struct pci_host_bridge_window *win;
>
> - list_for_each_entry(win, &pci->resources, list)
> + list_for_each_entry(win, &pci->sys.resources, list)
> release_resource(win->res);
>
> - pci_free_resource_list(&pci->resources);
> + pci_free_resource_list(&pci->sys.resources);
> }
>
> static int gen_pci_parse_request_of_pci_ranges(struct gen_pci *pci)
> @@ -237,7 +238,7 @@ static int gen_pci_parse_request_of_pci_ranges(struct gen_pci *pci)
> if (err)
> goto out_release_res;
>
> - pci_add_resource_offset(&pci->resources, res, offset);
> + pci_add_resource_offset(&pci->sys.resources, res, offset);
> }
>
> if (!res_valid) {
> @@ -306,17 +307,10 @@ static int gen_pci_parse_map_cfg_windows(struct gen_pci *pci)
> }
>
> /* Register bus resource */
> - pci_add_resource(&pci->resources, bus_range);
> + pci_add_resource(&pci->sys.resources, bus_range);
> return 0;
> }
>
> -static int gen_pci_setup(int nr, struct pci_sys_data *sys)
> -{
> - struct gen_pci *pci = sys->private_data;
> - list_splice_init(&pci->resources, &sys->resources);
> - return 1;
> -}
> -
> static int gen_pci_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> {
> int err;
> @@ -326,17 +320,12 @@ static int gen_pci_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
> struct device_node *np = dev->of_node;
> struct gen_pci *pci = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*pci), GFP_KERNEL);
> - struct hw_pci hw = {
> - .nr_controllers = 1,
> - .private_data = (void **)&pci,
> - .setup = gen_pci_setup,
> - .map_irq = of_irq_parse_and_map_pci,
> - .ops = &gen_pci_ops,
> - };
>
> if (!pci)
> return -ENOMEM;
>
> + pci->sys.map_irq = of_irq_parse_and_map_pci,
> +
> type = of_get_property(np, "device_type", NULL);
> if (!type || strcmp(type, "pci")) {
> dev_err(dev, "invalid \"device_type\" %s\n", type);
> @@ -355,7 +344,7 @@ static int gen_pci_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> pci->cfg.ops = of_id->data;
> pci->host.dev.parent = dev;
> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pci->host.windows);
> - INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pci->resources);
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pci->sys.resources);
>
> /* Parse our PCI ranges and request their resources */
> err = gen_pci_parse_request_of_pci_ranges(pci);
> @@ -369,8 +358,12 @@ static int gen_pci_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> return err;
> }
>
> - pci_common_init_dev(dev, &hw);
> - return 0;
> + pci_add_flags(PCI_REASSIGN_ALL_RSRC);
> + err = pci_init_single(dev, &pci->sys, NULL, &gen_pci_ops);
> + if (err)
> + gen_pci_release_of_pci_ranges(pci);
> +
> + return err;
> }
>
> static struct platform_driver gen_pci_driver = {
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/host/pci-mvebu.c b/drivers/pci/host/pci-mvebu.c
> index b1315e197ffb..e1381c0699be 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/host/pci-mvebu.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/host/pci-mvebu.c
> @@ -99,6 +99,7 @@ struct mvebu_pcie_port;
> struct mvebu_pcie {
> struct platform_device *pdev;
> struct mvebu_pcie_port *ports;
> + struct pci_sys_data sysdata;
> struct msi_chip *msi;
> struct resource io;
> char io_name[30];
> @@ -611,7 +612,7 @@ static int mvebu_sw_pci_bridge_write(struct mvebu_pcie_port *port,
>
> static inline struct mvebu_pcie *sys_to_pcie(struct pci_sys_data *sys)
> {
> - return sys->private_data;
> + return container_of(sys, struct mvebu_pcie, sysdata);
> }
>
> static struct mvebu_pcie_port *mvebu_pcie_find_port(struct mvebu_pcie *pcie,
> @@ -718,11 +719,26 @@ static struct pci_ops mvebu_pcie_ops = {
> .write = mvebu_pcie_wr_conf,
> };
>
> -static int mvebu_pcie_setup(int nr, struct pci_sys_data *sys)
> +/* FIXME: move the code around to avoid these */
> +static struct pci_bus *mvebu_pcie_scan_bus(int nr, struct pci_sys_data *sys);
> +static void mvebu_pcie_add_bus(struct pci_bus *bus);
> +static resource_size_t mvebu_pcie_align_resource(struct pci_dev *dev,
> + const struct resource *res,
> + resource_size_t start,
> + resource_size_t size,
> + resource_size_t align);
> +
> +static int mvebu_pcie_enable(struct mvebu_pcie *pcie)
> {
> - struct mvebu_pcie *pcie = sys_to_pcie(sys);
> int i;
> int domain = 0;
> + struct pci_sys_data *sys = &pcie->sysdata;
> +
> + pcie->sysdata = (struct pci_sys_data) {
> + .map_irq = of_irq_parse_and_map_pci,
> + .align_resource = mvebu_pcie_align_resource,
> + .add_bus = mvebu_pcie_add_bus,
> + };
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_PCI_DOMAINS
> domain = sys->domain;
> @@ -738,11 +754,13 @@ static int mvebu_pcie_setup(int nr, struct pci_sys_data *sys)
> if (request_resource(&iomem_resource, &pcie->mem))
> return 0;
>
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sys->resources);
> if (resource_size(&pcie->realio) != 0) {
> if (request_resource(&ioport_resource, &pcie->realio)) {
> release_resource(&pcie->mem);
> return 0;
> }
> +
> pci_add_resource_offset(&sys->resources, &pcie->realio,
> sys->io_offset);
> }
> @@ -756,7 +774,9 @@ static int mvebu_pcie_setup(int nr, struct pci_sys_data *sys)
> mvebu_pcie_setup_hw(port);
> }
>
> - return 1;
> + pci_add_flags(PCI_REASSIGN_ALL_RSRC);
> + return pci_init_single(&pcie->pdev->dev, &pcie->sysdata,
> + mvebu_pcie_scan_bus, &mvebu_pcie_ops);
> }
>
> static struct pci_bus *mvebu_pcie_scan_bus(int nr, struct pci_sys_data *sys)
> @@ -810,24 +830,6 @@ static resource_size_t mvebu_pcie_align_resource(struct pci_dev *dev,
> return start;
> }
>
> -static void mvebu_pcie_enable(struct mvebu_pcie *pcie)
> -{
> - struct hw_pci hw;
> -
> - memset(&hw, 0, sizeof(hw));
> -
> - hw.nr_controllers = 1;
> - hw.private_data = (void **)&pcie;
> - hw.setup = mvebu_pcie_setup;
> - hw.scan = mvebu_pcie_scan_bus;
> - hw.map_irq = of_irq_parse_and_map_pci;
> - hw.ops = &mvebu_pcie_ops;
> - hw.align_resource = mvebu_pcie_align_resource;
> - hw.add_bus = mvebu_pcie_add_bus;
> -
> - pci_common_init(&hw);
> -}
> -
> /*
> * Looks up the list of register addresses encoded into the reg =
> * <...> property for one that matches the given port/lane. Once
> @@ -1066,9 +1068,7 @@ static int mvebu_pcie_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> pci_ioremap_io(i, pcie->io.start + i);
>
> mvebu_pcie_msi_enable(pcie);
> - mvebu_pcie_enable(pcie);
> -
> - return 0;
> + return mvebu_pcie_enable(pcie);
> }
>
> static const struct of_device_id mvebu_pcie_of_match_table[] = {
>


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